Db2 to Panoply

This page provides you with instructions on how to extract data from Db2 and load it into Panoply. (If this manual process sounds onerous, check out Stitch, which can do all the heavy lifting for you in just a few clicks.)

What is Db2?

Db2 is IBM's relational DBMS. IBM provides versions of Db2 that run on-premises, hosted by IBM, or in the cloud. The on-premises version runs on System z mainframes, System i minicomputers, and Linux, Unix, and Windows workstations.

What is Panoply?

Panoply is a fully managed data warehouse service that can spin up an Amazon Redshift instance in just a few clicks. It uses machine learning and natural language processing (NLP) to learn, model, and automate standard data management activities from source to analysis. It can import data with no schema, no modeling, and no configuration. With Panoply, you can use your favorite analysis, SQL, and visualization tools just as you would if you were creating a Redshift data warehouse on your own.

Getting data out of Db2

The most common way to get data out of any relational database is to write SELECT queries. You can specifying filters and ordering, and limit results. You can also use the EXPORT command to export the data from a whole table.

Loading data into Panoply

Once you have identified all of the columns you want to insert, you can use the CREATE TABLE statement in Panoply's Redshift data warehouse to create a table to receive all of the data.

With a table built, it may seem like the easiest way to migrate your data (especially if there isn't much of it) is to build INSERT statements to add data to your Redshift table row by row. If you have any experience with SQL, this will be your gut reaction. But beware! Redshift isn't optimized for inserting data one row at a time. If you have a high volume of data to be inserted, you would be better off loading the data into Amazon S3 and then using the COPY command to load it into Redshift.

Keeping Db2 data up to date

So you've written a script to export data from Db2 and load it into your data warehouse. That should satisfy all your data needs for Db2 – right? Not yet. How do you load new or updated data? It's not a good idea to replicate all of your data each time you have updated records. That process would be painfully slow; if latency is important to you, it's not a viable option.

Instead, you can identify some key fields that your script can use to bookmark its progression through the data, and pick up where it left off as it looks for updated data. Auto-incrementing fields such as updated_at or created_at work best for this. When you've built in this functionality, you can set up your script as a cron job or continuous loop to get new data as it appears in Db2.

Other data warehouse options

Panoply is great, but sometimes you need to optimize for different things when you're choosing a data warehouse. Some folks choose to go with Amazon Redshift, Google BigQuery, PostgreSQL, or Snowflake, which are RDBMSes that use similar SQL syntax. If you're interested in seeing the relevant steps for loading data into one of these platforms, check out To Redshift, To BigQuery, To Postgres, and To Snowflake.

Easier and faster alternatives

If all this sounds a bit overwhelming, don’t be alarmed. If you have all the skills necessary to go through this process, chances are building and maintaining a script like this isn’t a very high-leverage use of your time.

Thankfully, products like Stitch were built to solve this problem automatically. With just a few clicks, Stitch starts extracting your Db2 data via the API, structuring it in a way that is optimized for analysis, and inserting that data into your Panoply data warehouse.